8.5 Conclusion

Key Learning Points

Here are the key learning points for this module:

  1. As Scholars, professionals demonstrate a lifelong commitment to learning, as well as the creation of knowledge.
  2. Global health includes health equity, population health, immigrant and refugee health, inner city health, and indigenous health.
  3. Practitioners need to master and apply methods that are adapted to the unique needs of the communities with which they work.
  4. The scientific method refers to investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
  5. Logic models, synthesis of evidence, using methods to formulate recommendations and evaluating the effectiveness of guideline are all examples of scholarly work.
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A health clinic waiting room full of women holding their children and/or babies.

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I hope this module has opened your mind to the importance of scholar skills to improve care for vulnerable populations. Good luck in your career.

Duration: 7 seconds


Kevin Pottie, Meb Rashid, Ayesha Ratnayake, Kate Merritt


  1. College of Family Physicians of Canada CanMEDS- FMU Undergraduate Competencies from a Family Medicine Perspective November 2009
  2. Redwood Campbell, Pottie et al. 2010. Ontario Family Medicine Residency Global Health Curriculum Development Project: A Report by the Ontario Global Health Family Medicine Curriculum Working Group.
  3. Adapted from LaBonte R, Schrecker T 2006 WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health
  4. Swinkels H, Pottie K, Tugwell P, Rashid M, Narasiah L. Development of guidelines for recently arrived immigrants and refugees to Canada: Delphi consensus on selecting preventable and treatable conditions. CMAJ 2010 DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.090290)
  5. Tugwell P, Pottie K, Welch V, Ueffing E, Chambers A, Feightner J. Evaluation of evidence-based literature and formation of recommendations for the Clinical Preventive Guidelines for Immigrants and Refugees in Canada. CMAJ 2010 DOI:10.1503/cmaj.090289
  6. Beach MC, Gary T, Price E, et al. Improving health care quality for racial/ethnic minorities: a systematic review of the best evidence regarding provider and organization interventions. BMC Public Health 2006;6:104.
  7. Pottie K, Greenaway C et al. Evidence based recommendations for newly arriving immigrants and refugees to Canada. CMAJ 2011 in press.