7.2 Role of the Leader

Photo of a young girl carrying a jug full of water.
Photo Credit: Red Cross (Haiti)

Leader skills are central to primary health care teams. These skills allow team practices to use resources wisely, organize and improve health, and coordinate care with other members of the health care system.1,2

Leader in the Global Health Context

In humanitarian contexts, leader skills play a critical role in directing human resources, engaging and training local staff, networking with nongovernmental organizations, and effectively utilizing limited resources.


A baby with its leg in a cast.
Photo Credit: Médecins Sans Frontières, Congo Brazzaville

Definitions for Selected Terms:

Resource limited settings
Resource limited settings are settings where the region or facilities may be constrained by limited security or limited financial resources. These could include low income countries with limited health budgets, limited human resources (undertrained staff) and underdeveloped or insecure physical infrastructure (i.e. clinics, laboratories, access to water and electricity), but could also include inner city or remote health centres in resource risk countries where resources and physical infrastructure remains limited (for example- an outreach health clinic in an inner city shelter where many of the support staff are volunteers or have competing non-health care responsibilities).
Evidence based screening
Evidence based screening refers to practitioners following evidence-based guidelines in determining preventive screening tests, vaccination and approaches. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) aims to 7-2borderapply the best available evidence gained from the scientific method to medical decision making. It seeks to assess the quality of evidence of the risks and benefits of treatments (including lack of  treatment). (Wikipedia)
Communicable diseases
Communicable diseases refers to diseases that can be communicated or transmitted from one person to another; examples include measles, tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B.